What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Posted by Scott Ferguson Jan 25, 2023

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Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease; it occurs when bacteria build up along and underneath the gum line. This bacteria irritates the gums and causes them to bleed and become red and swollen. Gingivitis is reversible and can usually be treated through brushing, flossing, and regular dental cleanings.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance made of bacteria that forms on your teeth when you don’t brush or rinse them away after eating. Tartar, on the other hand, is a hardened plaque that has built up over time. Both can lead to gingivitis if left untreated.

If gingivitis goes untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. In periodontitis, your gums begin to pull away from the teeth and form pockets that become infected. Unfortunately, periodontal disease can eventually lead to tooth loss if not treated promptly. That’s why it’s so important to brush at least twice a day and floss once per day to keep your mouth healthy and free of infection.


Although your genetics don’t necessarily determine what will happen to your teeth, they do play a role in how susceptible you are to developing gum disease. For example, if your parents were prone to cavities and gum disease, chances are, you will be too. However, just because you may be predisposed to gum disease doesn’t mean you can’t prevent it or take steps to prevent it from getting worse. In fact, you’ll be able to do so by following a regular routine of flossing, brushing, and visiting our office for preventive care. When you leave every six months, we will be able to thoroughly clean your mouth and address any issues before they become a problem.


People who smoke are much more likely to develop gum disease than those who don’t. This is extremely unfortunate since smoking is also a major factor in a number of severe illnesses and premature deaths. Smoking also makes it more difficult for your gums to heal from infections and other oral problems. It can also cause bad breath, mouth sores, tooth discoloration, and loose teeth. All of these can lead to embarrassment and confidence issues when it comes to your smile.


If you have diabetes, you are more prone to infections and gum disease. This is because high blood sugar weakens your immune system. It’s difficult to fight an infection when your immunity is low.

Uncontrolled diabetes can also increase your risk of periodontitis. When your blood sugar is too high for too long, your gums may pull away from your teeth. This can create pockets where bacteria can thrive.

To find out more about the dental services offered at our dental practice, call (801)-923-1011 or schedule an online consultation. You can also visit us at 1838 N 1075 W #100, Farmington, UT 84025, USA.

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Advanced Dental Specialty Group


1838 N. 1075 W Suite 100, Farmington, UT 84025


At Advanced Dental Specialty Group, we strongly suggest that our newer patients properly prepare for their first appointment.

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